This ancient abode of Jains can
be traced back to the 2nd century B.C. It is situated
16 kms from Pudukkottai.
The main attractions here are the rock-cut
cave temple and its beautiful paintings in natural colours.
The stone beds called Eladipattam and a cave where the
Jain monks sought refuge in those days also attract
the visitors. The images of Jain Tirtankaras can be
seen in an `Ardha Mandapam` and in the inner shrines
of the cave temple. The paintings in the ceilings and
walls of the temple contain paintings that resemble
Ajanta paintings. Some of them have got damaged but
still looks attractive. The flowers, calves, elephants,
geese, all of them are depicted in unique poses and
all relate to the Jains. All these are creation of the
Pandyas. One can reach there easily as there are frequent
This is one of the most important
as well as frequently visited temples in South India.
It is believed to have been built in the 17th century.
The chief deity in this place of worship is Lord Shiva.
It is also greatly revered because it is believed that
Lord Rama built this temple himself. According to the
legends, after killing Ravana, Lord Rama returned to
India and offered worship to Lord Shiva at Rameshwaram
to expiate the sin of killing the demon king. Lord Rama
directed Hanuman to bring the lingam from Kailasa within
a certain time, but Hanuman was delayed and Sita had
to prepare one of sand, before the auspicious hour.
It is said that this is the same Lingam of Sri Ramanatha
in the temple. The 'lingam' is one of the 12 Jyothirlingas
In the main sanctum at the temple is
where the Lingam is placed and worshipped. It is the
same one, which Lord Rama had sanctified. The Vimana
is three storeys tall and contains images of Hanuman,
Agastya Linga and the Gandhamadhana Linga. The Linga
of Vishvanatha, which is said to be brought by Hanuman,
is enshrined in another sanctum to the north. Another
shrine houses the image of Visalakshi, the Consort of
Visvanatha while Parvathavardhani, the consort of Ramanatha
is enshrined in a sanctum to his right.
Ramanathaswamy Temple, lies on
the eastern side of the island, having different types
of corridors and sculptured pillars on both the sides.
This corridor is quite long and measures around 197
metres from east to west. It is also 133 m wide, measuring
south to north.
This temple is considered as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas
of Lord Shiva. The temple complex extends up to 15
acres, with 1200 metres long hallway, which is lined
on either side by 4000 or more pillars. There is also
a 12 foot long and 9 foot tall Nandi sculpture inside
This temple consists of 38.4 metres tall Gopuram,
which was built by various rulers at different reigns,
starting from 12th century. Every day, early morning,
a special pooja is performed for an hour of the Spadikalingam,
which was gifted by Shankaracharya.
Agnitheertham, holding religious
significance for Hindus, is situated at a distance of
100 metres from the Ramanathaswamy Temple. This place
is located towards the east of the main entrance of
the temple and is a suitable place for bathing. The
water in Agnitheertham is considered to be sacred and
many pilgrims perform pooja at this seashore for honouring
As per legend, it is believed that Agnitheertham
is the spot where Lord Rama offered his prayers to
Lord Shiva, after killing Ravana. Shiva devotees across
the globe take a holy dip in the Agnitheertham for
washing away their sins. The visit to the Ramanathaswamy
Temple is often preceded by a bath at this spot.
An amazing and interesting temple
of the most devoted and popular deity, Lord Hanuman
who accordingly to Ramayana Epic of Hindu Mythology
played an important and significant role in the rescue
of Mother Sita from the Lanka King Ravana and helped
Lord Ram vanquish Ravana. The Hanuman Temple is amazing
as it showcases the exploits and adventures of Hanuman
via a live movie which shows the feats such as Hanuman
flying in the air and other feats which helped Ram overcome
tough obstacles to win the war. The movie consists of
the wooden statues which move around like puppets depicting
the story of Ramayana.
|Annai Indira Gandhi
Road Bridge (Pamban Bridge)
Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge
is also known as the Pamban Bridge. This bridge is over
2.34 km long and was constructed with sufficient elevation.
The Pamban Bridge is major source for connecting the
Rameshwaram Island with the main land. It took over
14 years to construct this bridge, which was finally
inaugurated in 1988.
The bridge is designed in a shape of a bow which
enables ships to pass beneath it. It is the second
longest bridge in India, after the newly constructed
Bandra-Worli sea link. There are around 143 pillars
that support this bridge, out of which 64 were built
in the sea.
This bridge is also called as the Pamban Rail Scissors
Bridge, which is the longest rail bridge. Previously,
this railway bridge carried only meter-gauge trains,
but was upgraded by Indian Railways to carry broad-gauge
trains. This project was finished in August 2007 and
since then broad-gauge trains are operational on this
Erwadi town is situated at a distance
of 24 km from Rameshwaram in the Kadaladi Taluka of
Ramanathapuram District. This town lies along the sea
shore between Keelakarai and Valinokkam. It is famous
for the shrine or tomb of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim
The tomb is around 800 years old and is popular for
its Sandhanakoodu festival. This festival is celebrated
to mark the Shahadat anniversary of Hazrat Sultan
Syed Ibrahim Sahid Aulia. The anniversary is celebrated
from 1st of Zul Qaida till 30th of Zul Qaida of every
Hijri year. This shrine can be reached from Madurai
airport through a cab, which takes just 3.5 hours.
The religious place of Erwadi is mainly visited by
people with satanic illness. Mentally ill people,
irrespective of their caste and religion, are cured
in this Muslim shrine. This small town is considered
to be the second largest contributor to the revenue
of the Ramanathapuram District.