This ancient abode of Jains can be traced back to the 2nd century B.C. It is situated 16 kms from Pudukkottai.

The main attractions here are the rock-cut cave temple and its beautiful paintings in natural colours. The stone beds called Eladipattam and a cave where the Jain monks sought refuge in those days also attract the visitors. The images of Jain Tirtankaras can be seen in an `Ardha Mandapam` and in the inner shrines of the cave temple. The paintings in the ceilings and walls of the temple contain paintings that resemble Ajanta paintings. Some of them have got damaged but still looks attractive. The flowers, calves, elephants, geese, all of them are depicted in unique poses and all relate to the Jains. All these are creation of the Pandyas. One can reach there easily as there are frequent bus services.

Rameshwaram Temple
This is one of the most important as well as frequently visited temples in South India. It is believed to have been built in the 17th century. The chief deity in this place of worship is Lord Shiva. It is also greatly revered because it is believed that Lord Rama built this temple himself. According to the legends, after killing Ravana, Lord Rama returned to India and offered worship to Lord Shiva at Rameshwaram to expiate the sin of killing the demon king. Lord Rama directed Hanuman to bring the lingam from Kailasa within a certain time, but Hanuman was delayed and Sita had to prepare one of sand, before the auspicious hour. It is said that this is the same Lingam of Sri Ramanatha in the temple. The 'lingam' is one of the 12 Jyothirlingas in India.

In the main sanctum at the temple is where the Lingam is placed and worshipped. It is the same one, which Lord Rama had sanctified. The Vimana is three storeys tall and contains images of Hanuman, Agastya Linga and the Gandhamadhana Linga. The Linga of Vishvanatha, which is said to be brought by Hanuman, is enshrined in another sanctum to the north. Another shrine houses the image of Visalakshi, the Consort of Visvanatha while Parvathavardhani, the consort of Ramanatha is enshrined in a sanctum to his right.

Ramanathaswamy Temple
Ramanathaswamy Temple, lies on the eastern side of the island, having different types of corridors and sculptured pillars on both the sides. This corridor is quite long and measures around 197 metres from east to west. It is also 133 m wide, measuring south to north.

This temple is considered as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. The temple complex extends up to 15 acres, with 1200 metres long hallway, which is lined on either side by 4000 or more pillars. There is also a 12 foot long and 9 foot tall Nandi sculpture inside the temple.

This temple consists of 38.4 metres tall Gopuram, which was built by various rulers at different reigns, starting from 12th century. Every day, early morning, a special pooja is performed for an hour of the Spadikalingam, which was gifted by Shankaracharya.

Agnitheertham, holding religious significance for Hindus, is situated at a distance of 100 metres from the Ramanathaswamy Temple. This place is located towards the east of the main entrance of the temple and is a suitable place for bathing. The water in Agnitheertham is considered to be sacred and many pilgrims perform pooja at this seashore for honouring their ancestors.

As per legend, it is believed that Agnitheertham is the spot where Lord Rama offered his prayers to Lord Shiva, after killing Ravana. Shiva devotees across the globe take a holy dip in the Agnitheertham for washing away their sins. The visit to the Ramanathaswamy Temple is often preceded by a bath at this spot.

Hanuman Temple
An amazing and interesting temple of the most devoted and popular deity, Lord Hanuman who accordingly to Ramayana Epic of Hindu Mythology played an important and significant role in the rescue of Mother Sita from the Lanka King Ravana and helped Lord Ram vanquish Ravana. The Hanuman Temple is amazing as it showcases the exploits and adventures of Hanuman via a live movie which shows the feats such as Hanuman flying in the air and other feats which helped Ram overcome tough obstacles to win the war. The movie consists of the wooden statues which move around like puppets depicting the story of Ramayana.

Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge (Pamban Bridge)
Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge is also known as the Pamban Bridge. This bridge is over 2.34 km long and was constructed with sufficient elevation. The Pamban Bridge is major source for connecting the Rameshwaram Island with the main land. It took over 14 years to construct this bridge, which was finally inaugurated in 1988.

The bridge is designed in a shape of a bow which enables ships to pass beneath it. It is the second longest bridge in India, after the newly constructed Bandra-Worli sea link. There are around 143 pillars that support this bridge, out of which 64 were built in the sea.

This bridge is also called as the Pamban Rail Scissors Bridge, which is the longest rail bridge. Previously, this railway bridge carried only meter-gauge trains, but was upgraded by Indian Railways to carry broad-gauge trains. This project was finished in August 2007 and since then broad-gauge trains are operational on this bridge.

Erwadi town is situated at a distance of 24 km from Rameshwaram in the Kadaladi Taluka of Ramanathapuram District. This town lies along the sea shore between Keelakarai and Valinokkam. It is famous for the shrine or tomb of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Sahid Aulia.

The tomb is around 800 years old and is popular for its Sandhanakoodu festival. This festival is celebrated to mark the Shahadat anniversary of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Sahid Aulia. The anniversary is celebrated from 1st of Zul Qaida till 30th of Zul Qaida of every Hijri year. This shrine can be reached from Madurai airport through a cab, which takes just 3.5 hours.

The religious place of Erwadi is mainly visited by people with satanic illness. Mentally ill people, irrespective of their caste and religion, are cured in this Muslim shrine. This small town is considered to be the second largest contributor to the revenue of the Ramanathapuram District.


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